Surf Blocked Sites On Iphone & Ipad

Surf Blocked Sites On Iphone & Ipad
No matter what you utilize to surf the net, and no matter where you utilize the internet, there are sites that you just can't access. Why the web page are blocked varies. How you unblock them depends on you. For an iPhone and iPad it's pretty much the same, though it's going to vary a chunk from Mac while it comes to VPNs. Here are some recommendations on how to surf blocked sites on iPhone and iPad.

Why are sites blocked?

Not all sites are blocked for a similar reasons!

Internet Censorship

Even in countries which are known for internet freedom, we experience internet censorship to a exact degree. It's many times stuff that peculiar americans wouldn't want to browse anyway, so I won't list all the perverted stuff that North American and European countries block. As you move east though, many nations in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia block social networking and media sites like Wikipedia, Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, Gmail, and censor search results. Though they label it national security, it's just plain ancient censorship.

Network Restrictions

If you utilize the internet at college or work you know what this is. Your place of work or school wifi will in general block time wasting sites like games, chat sites, and they'll in general have a listing of sites which are namely banned on the network. Using wifi in your regional cafe and other shared networks might have banned sites.


Sometimes the sites block foreign IP addresses. This is known as geo-restriction. Some famous sites that engage in geo-restriction are Netflix, Hulu, Pandora, and BBC iPlayer. Lots of different streaming sites do the same element, but I don't know their explicit names because I don't watch Japanese or German TV. Believe me, they exist, and trust me, without an accepted IP, you can't access the web page's content.

How to Unblock Them


Proxies are pleasant for bypassing network restrictions and bypassing internet censorship in some cases. This will depend on the anonymity level of the proxy, and level of restriction placed on you by your ISP or the network. For example, proxies are great for accessing blocked forums and other news related sites at work and school. They don't work so well in China, or for accessing websites with Flash, including Facebook and YouTube. Some proxies can. Most proxies won't be able to bypass geo-restrictions.

Though I did not make proxies sound too beautiful, I only mean to make the point that MOST aren't great, and have limited capabilities as far as unblocking websites on your iPhone and iPad. There are some proxies for iPhone and iPad that unblock Facebook, YouTube, and even encrypt your data to hold your information private. Some are from reputable sources, and work almost about as pleasant as VPNs. The main profit? They're inexpensive. The second main profit? You don't need to install anything – they work directly from your web browser.


In case you did not catch that, I prefer VPNs to proxies. They unblock more sites, and I feel like it's in a more convenient way. You simply connect to a private VPN server provided by a VPN service, and leave the VPN running in the background of your iPhone or iPad. People in business, education, and even the military use them for privacy and security. It's like using a private internet inside of the public internet. You can still access your favorite sites, but privately and securely.

The element that you're concerned with optimum is surfing blocked sites though, correct? VPNs provide you with the profit of being able to unblock more sites. For one, they unblock geo-restricted sites in optimum cases (unlike proxies, which rarely do). They allow you to exploit other apps and software outdoor your browser with the VPN IP handle. That means you can unblock gaming sites, and play non browser based games with your accepted IP.

Popular VPN sites available on the internet will many times offer L2TP and PPTP VPN. L2TP is a more private and preserve VPN, but uses more bandwidth, so might not be the simplest choice for streaming, downloading, or gaming. PPTP VPN for iPhone will still change your IP, bypass firewalls, and unblock sites, but it requires less work on your part, and less bandwidth to run. Try both and see what works best for you.

Standard Practices For Mobile App Development!

Standard Practices For Mobile App Development!
With the introduction in cellphone devices, a new market has come into being. Mobile devices have grow to be the finest medium of communication and that is why everyone desires to own a cellphone system in preference to a laptop or desktop. Corporate industry and entrepreneurs have understood the importance of cellphone devices and have began offering products and services through cellphone apps.

On some other hand, cellphone app development Dubai has grow to be a norm for advertisement sector so they can better connect with potential buyers and sell services. When it comes to app development, developers have to adopt error-less development strategy so they can come up with a unique and efficient app because the app competition is tricky and it is perplexing to attract users. However, following are abnormal practices for rising a cellphone app;

Understand audience

At the beginning of development, know-how users is particularly significant. You need to comprehend what to realize and how your objective audience is going to use your app. Make sure you know all these sooner than starting development of the app.

Do a decent research

It has been noticed that individuals come up with some great principles of app and soar focusing on the improvement. But the challenge is they dont consult with the app stores sooner than rising the app. There are extra than a million apps on app stores and there are good percentages that an app corresponding to the idea is already there. If something corresponding to your idea is already there in the keep then you definately must quit with the proceedings and develop a new idea.

Involve users in design process

It doesn't work out if the app design is constructed by the team in basic phrases and the potential users are no longer interested in the process. It generates a feasible design error as when the app is launched, many features of design are no longer well-matched with users expectation. Therefore, it is recommended by every cellphone app development Dubai company to contain end users in the design process.

Storyboard is vitally important

You can create a storyboard to help design process go smooth. Through storyboard, you could layout the ability of your app on paper and resolve potential errors where needed.

Make app plain to use

It is particularly necessary to make a straightforward app. Your objective audience must know how to use the app and they mustn't ever get stuck anyplace during operations. Make sure you use sparkling instructions and the use of images or graphics is limited to avoid clutter. Graphics and animations can add treat to your app but in addition they make the app slow to load. Therefore, the use of graphics need to be limited so that the app becomes handy-to-use.

After considering all features, dont think that the app is error-less. Testing of the app has to be completed several times so they can pick errors and rectify them. For professional assistance and app development, contact Approxen and win over your opponents.

Small Business Owners Mobile App Development 100 and one

Small Business Owners Mobile App Development 100 and one
With over 200 billion mobile apps being downloaded every single day across the globe, it makes sense to be where your customers are and developing an app for your association has great potential to substantially boost businesswhen its done right!

Take your time throughout this endeavour and avoid heading straight into the doing until youve spent some much needed time on the planning!

Mobile applications are a competitive market and so its extremely important that your app idea won't only be downloaded by your ideal audience. Whilst downloads are great, you furthermore may favor them to use your app, right?!

Therefore, earlier than you start out the process of selecting appropriate custom app growth companies, you will need to spend some time both ensuring your app idea is the right choice and direction for your association and that it in any case will add worth to your audience and of course bring revenue to your association.

Mobile App Spec

To ensure youre making wise choices in relation to the suitability and investment potential of your mobile app, asking some of the next questions can assist guide your decisions

Does your app idea solve an issue for your customer?

If your initial idea is to create an application model of your website, you could also favor to think again! Ensuring your website is mobile optimised is more than sufficient to meet this need and if isnt already, you could also wish to focus on addressing this issue earlier than you focus your resource on app growth.

What apps (if any) do your opponents have? What will make yours different/more appropriate?

The best option to grab a wide-open gap within the market it is to perform a little thorough competitor study. Check what apps your opponents have, how many downloads they have and what the reviews are revealing.

Does your app utilise mobile device functionality?

Apps that connect with maps, cameras etc are extremely well known. It's worth ensuring your app is trendy and optimises features which are type after on this planet of mobile apps.

What will your app achieve?

What does success seem like? Are you hoping to only develop your brand presence or make money as a result of your app? This will direct the functionality and specification, so be bound to be clear on what your outcomes are. For example, if you prefer to make money will it be through classified ads, paid downloads or paid additional features etc.

Allocating Budget

If you arent specific how much budget to set aside for your app growth project, perform a little thorough study. Estimate your costs relying mostly on the growth and make bound you furthermore may budget for ongoing maintenance, support and future growth requirements.

Furthermore, its an exceptional choice to set aside a contingency budget for any unforeseen costs or setbacks. However, you can avoid this problem to a few degree by recreation thorough planning and choosing a competent app growth association.

Timescales and Resource

Is there a deadline you need to achieve this by i.e. does it impact the success or role out of something else in your association? Ensuring the timeline is both realistic and excellent is extremely important, especially when it has risk or cost implications.

To keep issues on track, it might be honestly useful to ensure there is a dedicated grownup assigned to this specific project, somebody who has the time to invest in conserving it moving forward.

Its also important to train your timeline with tools in mind. For example, do you have the resource available within the course of the entirety of the timeline and within the course of key milestones of the growth or will the project lead be on break for a month within the course of the significant phase?

Deciding Which Developers

Once you have a clear and solid idea of what your app features need to contain, you can take the step of choosing which developers you will use to create your mobile app.

It's often the case that developers will be led by you with regards to budget and to a few degree timescales so realizing those earlier than this point and be very useful.

One of essentially the most thorough ways to approach this project is to invite some companies to pitch for your growth project. In doing so, you will be able to easily and effectively compare them to your needs.

Some splendid questions to ask contain:

Have they worked with a association in an analogous industry earlier than?
How long will the project take (end to end) including design, build, testing and launch? What are the project milestones?
What are the costs involved for all aspects including change controls and bug fixes?
What approach do they use for design principles and user adventure?
What coding standards do they follow?
What support is provided for app store submission?
What ongoing support and maintenance will be required for your app (plus any associated costs)?
How will they involve you within the project?
What are the options for multiple platforms?
Whats not included within the contract? For example, testing.
How will they ensure effective app speed?
Who will own the code?

Furthermore, be bound to seem at example apps built by every association for identical clients to get a idea of the quality of their work.

What to Expect

The splendid thing about choosing skilled app developers is they can guide you through a more appropriate stages of the process and provide clarity of the associated terms.

However, here is some of the basic lingo youll merit from familiarising yourself with to help ensure issues keep on track and all bases are covered.


Once your app is built, you will need to check it to ensure functionality is working as it should be in a exact life environment. This is something that should be planned for in advance by gathering beta testers and ensuring the app is tested under different conditions and environments.

Bug Fixes

During the testing process, any bugs (the functionality doesnt do what it is meant to) encountered will should be constant. This will generally be an extra

Change Controls

If you realise youd need a particular additional feature or functionality that isnt outlined within the original spec, this is mostly a change control. Change controls are generally an extra cost unless otherwise specified within the contract.

Skills that are Needed to Develop Enterprise Mobile Applications

Skills that are Needed to Develop Enterprise Mobile Applications
In order to become very successful contained in the industry mobile application improvement on the entire one require two basic qualifications. If you're planning to sell the industry mobile apps after developing it or else you're seeking a industry mobile application improvement job irrespective of those two qualifications are very a must-have to you. One of the most valuable capability required is object orientated programming language capability. One of the most valuable language that's utilized by the maximum mobile app developers to grow industry mobile apps is Java. It provides more safety to the users. Android apps is being developed with the assist of this language only. A developer must have decent knowledge contained in the object orientated programming language like Java for you to get started coding the application without any interruption.

Not only java there are also other programming languages that's getting used contained in the mobile application improvement. Whatever language the developers use they must be very trained in it. But it is mandatory for the developers to have some deep knowledge contained in the object orientated programming language. The second capability that's required for the industry mobile application improvement is decent knowledge contained in the graphic designing. Most of the developers are focusing only on the coding of the application. But they must also attention on the front-finish of the application. The designing must be an sexy one and also it must entice all the visitors in conjunction with the users. For this the must have in-intensity knowledge contained in the graphics designing.

The design must be visible contained in the mobile instruments. So, according to that it must be developed. Even, if the application developers wouldn't have deep knowledge contained in the designing they must have some sense about it. Those who have decent knowledge contained in the object orientated programming language and designing are the one that can become very successful contained in the field of industry mobile application improvement. Apart from these there are also other qualifications that makes the industry mobile application improvement process even more successful like marketing qualifications, and so on. For example, the marketing qualifications will be very a must-have when one plans to sell their industry mobile apps. So, these are the qualifications that are required to make the industry mobile application improvement process very successful.


Author's Bio: 

Hi, I am Karl working as a Mobile app developer. I love the Mobile application improvement platform wherein I am in a position to build the mobile apps even turbo rate than normal. I focal point on the hokuapps is the maximum platform to build using MADP tech.

Six Useful Measures That You May Utilize For Mobile App Monetization

Six Useful Measures That You May Utilize For Mobile App Monetization
The fundamental reason why for every company would be to earn cash and entrepreneurs try to pick all of the possible methods to do so. From physical stores to the net and mobile, every an efficient option selling way wants to be identified and taken care of so that the business can improve its profits. Mobile apps make a pretty brilliant customer touch point as optimal of them are available on these gadgets. Now before you decide to rent a certified mobile app development company to help your organization develop an existence on this channel, there is for sure a necessity to scan out the financial factors of the investment. In fact, banking your money on a mobile app will be useful only once you'll generate revenues in return. Let us select methods in which your business can make money with mobile apps :

In-app purchases

The last decade has observed an exceptional rise in business purposes as sellers need to help their business sites with mobile apps. These purposes serve as a remarkable selling channel as customers love to access the sites and shop on the move, without needing to sit on their desktops for the same. Obviously, they could shop by means of mobile sites but purposes present shopping experiences which are such a lot higher. Apart from speed and luxury, it is convenient to scan job which makes mobile apps score such a lot higher.

In-app ads

Another strategy to source revenues from mobile apps is by in-app advertising. By choosing this measure, your app becomes an affiliate tool that advertises the products of your affiliate. When a user interacts with these ads, you get paid for the same. The revenue model might be designed as fee per click (CPC), fee per view (CPV) or fee per install (CPI), depending on the terms agreed between the app owner and the affiliate. A majority of ad campaigns run on iOS and Android gadgets as these are the optimal well-known platforms.

Subscriptions and partnerships

The app monetization game might be moved up by protecting sponsorship or partnership with a singular logo. Owning a partner with the same client base may even be an benefit for your business along with the partners business. This could extend the reach and develop reliability for each of the businesses at some point of this time.

Email Marketing

By choosing email marketing since the money-making technique for your app, you'll too well ask the shoppers to share their email ids and later mail marketing messages to them. With more of this way of marketing efforts, you'll too retrieve more customers for your business to make extra money for it.

Mobile social sharing

Mobile social apps are a pretty brilliant selection for the businesses that need to maximize the flexibility of social networking to increase their outreach. These sorts of apps motivate the users to spread the emblem and its products by means of their social accounts. The business is, hence, capable to develop its base to earn more money without needing to invest such a lot effort as marketing.

Freemium versions

The updated years have witnessed the dominance of the freemium model as an app monetization strategy. With this model, users can access a free edition of an app and scan out its basic features before they graduate to the paid, top class edition that comes with added features.


Observing the substantial monetary advantages that mobile apps may bring, investing in them is an appealing scheme. Engaging a certified iPhone and Android app development company is the biggest motion to take since it may help you control the client base on both these platforms. HokuApps is a name you'll trust for providing mobile app development services and products. Connect with us to get a money-making mobile app for your business.

Author's Bio: 

I am an Entrepreneur, marketer, and writer. I would really like to write in-depth guides and case studies that teach users to guide mobile application development to grow and scale there business.

Six Factors You Should Outsource Mobile App Development

Six Factors You Should Outsource Mobile App Development
I think it goes without saying, and In my opinion we in fact don't want a backing survey, that users all all through the world have turned to their digital devices like girls to fashion. In a space pervaded with compact mobile phones, innovations drive mobile users towards a authorized digital predilection. On a typical, mobile users spend as little as 2 hours an afternoon interacting with their mobile screens. On this time, they tend to dedicate some 30 minutes fiddling with mobile apps.

If there are more and more entertaining apps coming to flood the mobile app store, the reason is the undeniable fact that mobile app lovers are rising in leaps and bounds. Among all varieties of mobile apps, what has dominated the leading portion of the app market is gaming, ecommerce, social networking, education and lifestyle apps.

However, with a market filled with the two hyped rumors and excitement of challenges, many marketers occur to foster the notion that outsourcing mobile app growth process leads to technical mistakes, waiting times in app releases, miscommunication and limited lifestyles cycle of final product.

Such misconception might lead to many hurried decisions about mobile app growth, which will ultimately fee you some of pain. To debunk this myth lets assessment the top 6 reasons for outsourcing mobile app growth process.

Stronger focused knowledge
Usually, App growth process covers many relevant stages that require intense attention, larger care and precise knowledge. With each component screaming for greatest digital processes and utilization of latest resources, the process desires greatest mobile app developers that have extensive experience in this area. You want to outsource to a location that's a hub of outsourcing companies and that have mastered the art of organising remarkable apps with immoderate usability, lifestyles cycle and excellent UI. They must have specialized in special genre of mobile apps and consist of greatest knowledge in industry topics and latest technologies.

Flexibility of App Development Product
Having reliable knowledge in special area of app growth process allows companies to pick which an element of mobile app process they can outsource. For instance, if an app growth agency has credible potential in the QA section of App growth, it becomes effortless for mobile app growth companies to outsource the immoderate quality assurance part to receive the greatest results and a product that they know will obtain highest standard of quality. Such bendy model is only possible with Outsourcing mobile app agencies.

Time-saving opportunity
Time is of precious value for any business, and the app growth process comes to heavy equipment from building the app, scaling up the traits, utilizing the right technology to focusing on its UI, deploying and testing it. All of it takes a tight chunk of your time beforehand the product is finally geared up to launch in the app store. Outsourcing the app growth process will save you from all the tedious components interested by the creation of an app, for you to target its post-product marketing processes and other essentials.

Capability to Explore the Depth
With advice becoming key to any business success, different set of advice compiled tactically works like a miracle in this business. Database amassed by mobile app creators helps drive any mobile app mission towards its final fruition. What is digital industry without highly a respectable suggestion data applied during the growth process? A programmer desires to be a meticulous researcher who culls and harnesses data as a formidable resource to transform the conceptual idea into substantial mobile app.

Financial Comfort and Affordability
It does now not swoop since a shock when a business person emphasizes on reducing the growth fee to keep their overall budget to optimal level. Companies indeed look for alternate principles that offer great mobile app solution in return for within your means investment. There is nothing incorrect in expecting low-fee answers. Usually, app growth fee stops at 6 numbers which may also be kept at certain level only by outsourcing the full mission. By doing so, you don't must in certain cases spend time and dollars developing infrastructure, hiring a skilled team and hiring healthy resources. You can easily find app developers that fee you now not more than 5 figures for an analogous expensive-hunting mission.

The full diversity of immoderate quality service
If you collaborate well with an agency that offers full service fit of end-to-end mobile application growth services, you'll without doubt get to enjoy the process issues-free. From ideation, conceptualization, discovery, growth, testing, deployment and support, you'll receive full package so that in any case all you must do is to look ahead to the most effective result to come your method. So what's stopping you from outsourcing app growth?

Author's Bio: 

Hi, I am Karl working as a Mobile app developer. I love the Mobile application growth platform where I am geared up to build the mobile apps even faster rate than overall. I recall the hokuapps is the greatest platform to build employing MADP tech.

Significance of Mobile Apps in Healthcare Markets

Significance of Mobile Apps in Healthcare Markets
A Statista report factors to health and fitness as one of many important industries accelerating the broad growth of telephone devices. Also, a research by Markets And Markets, states that the phone health or mHealth solutions market is these days valued at more than $20 billion but is expected to contact $90.49 billion by the cease of 2020.

Evidently, telephone apps are briefly was a particularly wise component of the healthcare trade, making it easier for the healthcare practitioners offer quality care to the patients on-the-go.

From viewing blood reports and prescribing medicines to monitoring and tracking patient recovery and symptoms, there are innumerable ways in which a telephone application development guests can help the trade.

Some of the very best important ways in which apps can help healthcare trade are:

Quick Access to Professional Care

Digital visits have now replaced in-house visits by doctors. With the help of telephone apps, patients can now briefly find the simplest doctors on the subject of to their home within seconds. Moreover, much of apps also offer features like video and audio chats with the doctors.

Apart from patients, the apps are also used by doctors to remain in contact with the patients and monitor their condition. As compared to physical interaction, virtual interaction is fast and more affordable.

Improved Safety for the Patients

With the help of telephone apps, healthcare also could also be made safer for the patients. Currently, when a patient leaves a medical facility after the treatment they have a little or no memory of what they should do after reaching home.

Mobile apps can save all the important know-how they need for safe and healthy recovery. Be it monitoring the side effects of the treatment, taking medicines on time, or sharing data with the doctor, the apps can do slightly much of tasks to help the patients.

Improved Diagnostic Accuracy

Using paper for tracking patient historical earlier is a primary burden for healthcare professionals. While computers truly made things easier, apps fitted on telephone application development methods like Android and iOS have taken it to a definitely new level by casting off the need for using paper.

Mobile apps for the healthcare trade have helped improve the diagnostic accuracy, significantly. As per a Kays Harbor report, 93% of the physicians trust that telephone apps could also be used for improving the health of the patients. The apps have reduced prescription errors and medical practitioners are able to preserve accurate descriptive notes.

Innovative Business Models

Medical devices and sensors that accumulate patient data are already very renowned in the healthcare trade. However, the influx of the data amassed from these modern devices is not top for the existing healthcare service and commercial enterprise models.

With the help of telephone app development services, innovative solutions could also be created for fulfilling the explosion of patient data digitally. These solutions also could also be used by healthcare companies for promoting themselves to the patients as well as providers attempting to find healthcare services.

Instant Connection Between Patients and Doctors

A lot of times, patients struggle when it comes to discussing their problems in a choice language. For instance, English isnt the main language for more than 20% of the folk in the USA. The language barrier is a conventional problem in the healthcare trade throughout the world.

A lot of medical facilities hire translators to help in such cases. Such facilities can hire a telephone application development guests to build telephone apps that can translate and help doctors and patients communicate better.

Mobile technologies has already reworked the way we are living and now it is doing an unimaginable job of transforming how we heal. The benefits discussed above are only to help you recognize the probabilities of telephone apps in the healthcare trade. While the trade has already evolved since the introduction of telephone technologies, the future truly holds many more innovations.

Author's Bio: 

I am Entrepreneur, marketer, and writer. I would love to write in-depth guides and case studies that teach users to guide telephone application development to grow and scale there commercial enterprise. In a former life, I am the manager at HokuApps which is main Mobile application development guests serving clients from Singapore.

Sharing Mobile App Development Knowledge and Awareness With You

Sharing Mobile App Development Knowledge and Awareness With You
Mobile app development will also be described as the strategy of making handheld transportable devices as helpful as computers are. The foundation for this development is to reinforce the internet journey for the mobile user who lacks a pc. Nowadays the demand for handheld internet devices is growing fast across the world. Users can now log onto their transportable devices and operate the responsibilities they perpetually do via their desktop or laptop PCs thanks to the bubbly mobile evolution. Information technological know-how trends are clever these days. A few years back cellular phones, better known as cell phones, were merely used for communication. They were tremendous substitutes for landline telephones.

Today mobile phones appear to be the centre of everything. The statement that individuals and businesses cannot do without them makes mobile app development a practical IT (Information Technology) discovery. It appears to be like that the smartphone is especially getting every single of the attractiveness that the pc once were given. Desktop computers are heavy and impractical choices for mobile personnel. Laptops and notebooks are transportable but bulkier than any existing cell phone. It is no wonder that the mobile web audience is growing fast and now there is a generation that desires to do everything on a mobile development platforms.

What does this mean for mobile app development vendors? It means their builders are embracing the hot culture and coming up websites with it in intellect. Their main focus is on the user journey when designing mobile applications. They need to create apps that shorten user navigations when they want to hit upon something diversified or something they did sooner or later of their last surfing session. While it's going to be easy to create an application, constructing a positive user journey is rarely really straightforward. Upcoming mobile apps programmers have to know how to confront the screen size constraint they aren't accustomed to when coming up desktop apps. Besides having smaller screens, cell phones and other transportable internet access gadgets have smaller keyboards and touch screens.

One may perhaps wonder how builders deal with bandwidth and memory constraints. It is rarely really a secret that a huge variety of handheld transportable devices lack ample memory compared to computers. To stay away from operating out of memory, builders stay away from loading full-resolution images onto the cell phone. Instead they load smaller-resolution icons. In addition to bandwidth and memory, these experts have to create their apps within other parameters such as the low battery life. Moreover, they have to decide if they want to offer a location based (native) or a web-based mobile application development services. Many users may perhaps be more interested by location-based apps that are downloaded onto their devices rather than web-based apps that operate via something like the mobile OS WebKit system.

The latter is often more cost-effective and less complicated than the former. How to synchronize and cache data on the handheld system is an alternative concern faced by mobile coders. Experienced builders synchronize and cache data from the server side rather than the mobile side to stay away from corrupting it. Furthermore they strive to stay the inexperienced user in intellect when designing and loading new capabilities onto the smartphones. These gadgets are smaller than the computers the users are familiar with. They also have touch screens. So there is likelihood that some first time users will make input errors. A reputable and reliable mobile app development team creates a flexible and tolerant platform.

Author's Bio: 

Hi, I am Karl working as a Mobile app developer. I love the Mobile application development platform where I am able to build the mobile apps even faster rate than normal. I contemplate the hokuapps is the last word platform to build riding MADP tech.